Psychological and therapeutic work aims to help people to make changes in their lives, resolving their problems and conflicts, reducing their suffering and discomfort while enhancing their well-being, health and performance.
There are various psychological models and approaches, with different methods of solving and dealing with problems, focused on achieving these objectives.
> Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) focuses on the relationship between emotions, thoughts, beliefs and behaviours. Symptoms and/or emotional conflicts are seen as behaviours that can be modified through self-awareness and flexibility of the person’s thoughts and inner world. To this end, they focus on providing the person with valid functional resources and coping skills to face the problems and conflicts they are involved in by modifying harmful behavioural patterns that negatively affect the way we interact with ourselves and with others.
> Humanistic therapies, such as Gestalt or Psychodrama, emphasise awareness of one’s feelings beyond the symptoms to accept and change them. Thus, they focus on creativity, autonomy and self-realisation of the person. According to this approach, the person is a conscious, intentional and constantly developing being whose internal and subjective world is an essential source of self-knowledge.
> Systemic therapy understands symptoms as an expression of the social dynamics and relationships that surround us. In this way, it focuses its efforts on understanding the influence of relationships and interactions. It can focus the therapeutic approach working individually or collectively.